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View Full Version : Tide turns: Sharp increase in number of Mexicans returning home



PoliCon
03-05-2011, 01:26 PM
By Rafael Romo, CNN Senior Latin American Affairs Editor
March 4, 2011 9:47 p.m. EST

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(CNN) -- The number of Mexican migrants returning to their country -- mainly from the United States -- has increased dramatically in the last five years compared with the previous five years.

According to the most recent numbers released by the Mexican census bureau, the increase was 31.9% in the period from 2005 to 2010, compared with 2000 to 2005 numbers.

The Mexican Institute of Statistics and Geography -- INEGI by its Spanish acronym -- says that during the last five years of the decade, 1.1 million Mexicans left their country. According to the government agency, by the time the national census was taken last summer, more than 351,000 Mexican migrants had returned to Mexico.

Two factors played a role in changing the pattern, according to Eduardo Sojo, INEGI's president,

"The first factor was the situation of the economy in the United States, which decreased the number of (employment) options for migrants. The second factor was the increasing difficulties migrants have when they attempt to cross the border (illegally)," said Sojo.

The economic downturn that hit the United States towards the end of 2008 had a negative effect on American manufacturing firms that traditionally employed Mexican migrants, legal or otherwise. Many Mexican laborers with no specialized training had no option but to return home.

Many of those returning to Mexico had migrated to the United States in the early and mid-1990s when the trek north was easier and safer. There was also a higher demand for unskilled labor in the manufacturing and construction sectors, which declined dramatically in 2008.

Crossing the border from Mexico also became more difficult, making the life of a migrant increasing difficult and dangerous. In the last decade, the U.S. Border Patrol more than doubled the number of its agents positioned along the critical 262 miles of what is known as the Tucson Sector (most of the Arizona border) to 3,400 agents. The area had become a busy crossing point in previous years, as U.S. efforts to tighten the border in other areas pushed migrants toward Arizona.

In 2000, the number of arrests made by border patrol agents in the Tucson Sector was 616,000. By 2005 the number had decreased to 439,000. Last year it was 212,000, reflecting both the increased law enforcement presence on the U.S. side and the decreased numbers of migrants attempting to cross from the Mexican side.

CONTINUED (http://www.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/americas/03/04/mexico.reverse.migration/index.html)

Novaheart
03-05-2011, 02:54 PM
I think it's propaganda. The Mexican government trying to convince us that it's not really a problem we need to worry about and that American nationalists are just "white"
supremacists in disguise.

Gingersnap
03-05-2011, 07:11 PM
I think it's propaganda. The Mexican government trying to convince us that it's not really a problem we need to worry about and that American nationalists are just "white" supremacists in disguise.

I don't doubt that some illegal aliens have left or are leaving but I also think that the government "guesstimates" of the actual number of illegal aliens within our border is purposely low-balled. If people really knew the huge drain they make on the economy in terms of wage suppression, educational costs, health care costs, and crime, those people would go crazy in the voting booth.