View Full Version : 4-29-12: Today in History

04-29-2012, 01:03 PM
Lead Story
World War II monument opens in Washington, D.C., 2004

American Revolution
Nathanael Greene takes command of Long Island, 1776

The end of the road for Oldsmobile, 2004

Civil War
Union captures New Orleans, 1862

Cold War
American statesmen deny Lattimore's influence, 1950

Rodney King trial verdict announced, 1992

Cyclone kills 135,000 in Bangladesh, 1991

General Interest
Joan of Arc relieves Orleans, 1429

First African-American college chartered, 1854

Dachau liberated, 1945

Riots erupt in Los Angeles, 1992

Britain's Prince William weds Kate Middleton, 2011

Daniel Day-Lewis born, 1957

Henry James' Transatlantic Sketches is published, 1875

Hair premieres on Broadway, 1968

Old West
William Randolph Hearst is born, 1863

Nixon announces release of White House Watergate tapes, 1974

Roger Clemens strikes out 20 batters in single game, 1986

Vietnam War
U.S.-South Vietnamese forces launch Cambodian "incursion", 1970

New casualty figures released., 1971

Operation Frequent Wind begins, 1975

World War I
British forces surrender at Kut, Mesopotamia, 1916

World War II
Adolf and Eva marry, 1945

International Military Tribunal indicts Hideki, 1946

04-29-2012, 01:05 PM
Apr 29, 1916:
British forces surrender at Kut, Mesopotamia

In the single largest surrender of troops in British history to that time, some 13,000 soldiers under the command of Sir Charles Townshend give in on April 29, 1916, after withstanding nearly five months under siege by Turkish and German forces at the town of Kut-al-Amara, on the Tigris River in the Basra province of Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq).

Under the command of Sir John Nixon, British troops had enjoyed early success in their invasion of Mesopotamia. Forces led by Nixon's forward divisional commander, Sir Charles Townshend, reached and occupied the Mesopotamian province of Basra, including the town of Kut al-Amara, by late September 1915. From there, they attempted to move up the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers toward Baghdad, but were rebuffed by Turkish troops at Ctesiphon (or Selman Pak) in late November. Despite outnumbering the Turks two-to-one, Townshend's troops, made up partially of soldiers dispatched from India, were forced to retreat to Kut, where on December 5 Turkish and German troops began to lay siege to the city.

Problems with illness plagued Townshend's forces, as morale sank precipitously along with dwindling supplies and a lack of relief due to the heavy winter rains, which had swollen the Tigris River and made it difficult to maneuver troops along its banks. The British attempted four times over the course of the winter to confront and surround their Turkish opponents only to suffer 23,000 casualties, almost twice the strength of the entire remaining Kut regiment, without success. Kut finally fell on April 29, 1916, and Townshend and his 13,000 men were taken prisoner.

I've never met a Potamian but apparently they had a whole mess of them!

04-29-2012, 11:03 PM
1554 - Three Spanish ships, The San Esteban, the Espíritu Santo, and the Santa María de Yciar were wrecked during a storm off Padre Island. One ship in the group, the San Andrés, survived the storm. Dozens of people drowned before reaching shore. Within two months an expedition arrived but was only able to recover about half of the 1,000,000 ducats that were on the three wrecked ships.

1856 - At the port of Indianola, 53 camels arrived for a 10-year U.S. Army experiment using them for pack animals in the arid areas of the Southwest. The animals were quartered at Camp Verde, near present-day Kerrville.

1874 - Margaret Hunter Kinkaid was born. She founded the Kinkaid School in Houston after learning married women couldn’t teach in the local public school system.

1983 - In Houston, President Reagan visited the Cenikor Foundation.