View Full Version : 4-30-12: Today in History

04-30-2012, 09:25 PM
Lead Story
Adolf Hitler commits suicide, 1945

American Revolution
Samuel Adams writes of hope for more battles, 1776

Original Land Rover debuts at auto show, 1948

Civil War
Confederates attack Union troops at Jenkins' Ferry, 1864

Cold War
Organization of American States established, 1948

The first federal prison for women opens, 1927

Orange-sized hail reported in India, 1888

General Interest
The first presidential inauguration, 1789

Louisiana Purchase concluded, 1803

New York World's Fair opens, 1939

“Coming out” episode of Ellen, 1997

Annie Dillard is born, 1945

Willie Nelson is born, 1933

Old West
Arizona Ranger Burton Mossman is born, 1867

George Washington gives first presidential inaugural address, 1789

Tennis star Monica Seles stabbed, 1993

Vietnam War
South Vietnam surrenders, 1975

World War I
Battle of the Boot, 1917

World War II
Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his underground bunker, 1945

04-30-2012, 09:30 PM
Apr 30, 1789:
George Washington gives first presidential inaugural address

On this day in 1789, George Washington is sworn in as the first American president and delivers the first inaugural speech at Federal Hall in New York City. Elements of the ceremony set tradition; presidential inaugurations have deviated little in the two centuries since Washington's inauguration.

In front of 10,000 spectators, Washington appeared in a plain brown broadcloth suit holding a ceremonial army sword. At 6' 3, Washington presented an impressive and solemn figure as he took the oath of office standing on the second balcony of Federal Hall. With Vice President John Adams standing beside him, Washington repeated the words prompted by Chancellor Robert R. Livingston, kissed the bible and then went to the Senate chamber to deliver his inaugural address.

Observers noted that Washington appeared as if he would have preferred facing cannon and musket fire to taking the political helm of the country. He fidgeted, with his hand in one pocket, and spoke in a low, sometimes inaudible voice while he reiterated the mixed emotions of anxiety and honor he felt in assuming the role of president. For the most part, his address consisted of generalities, but he directly addressed the need for a strong Constitution and Bill of Rights and frequently emphasized the public good. He told the House of Representatives that he declined to be paid beyond such actual expenditures as the public good may be thought to require. In deference to the power of Congress, Washington promised to give way to my entire confidence in your discernment and pursuit of the public good.

After delivering his address, Washington walked up Broadway with a group of legislators and local political leaders to pray at St. Paul's Chapel. Later, he made the humble and astute observation that his presidency, and the nation itself, was an experiment.

Historians are still arguing about crowd estimates and the park service is not much help with their figures.