U.S. expanding military aid, intelligence in Africa
The U.S. is carefully expanding efforts to provide intelligence, training and at times small numbers of forces to African nations to help counter terrorist activities in the region, the top American military commander for Africa said Monday.
Speaking to a conference that included representatives from African nations, Gen. Carter Ham, head of U.S. Africa Command, said coordinated moves by several Africa-based terrorist groups to share their training, funding and bomb-making materials are worrisome and pose a threat to the U.S. and the region.
He pointed to U.S. surveillance in central Africa to try to ferret out rebel leader Joseph Kony and his Lord's Resistance Army and said it is the type of thing the U.S. military can do, but only when invited to partner with African nations.
“Do we collect information across Africa? Yes, we do,” said Gen. Ham, singling out the LRA as a subject of interest. “To have some intelligence collection capability that has the ability to monitor the areas in which we believe the Lord's Resistance Army is operating, to be able to see, to be able to listen, to be able to collect information which we then pass to the four nations, four African nations, which are participating, I think is a good way ahead.”
Last October, President Obama sent a 100-member force into central Africa to help regional militaries track Kony.
On Libya, Gen. Ham said that the U.S. is seeking a partnership — not a large military presence — as the nation takes shaky steps to set up its own government after last year’s violent ouster of longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi.
Saying that al-Qaeda and other terror groups want to establish a foothold in Libya, Gen. Ham said the U.S. and Libyan officials have been meeting to “map out what the U.S. assistance might be for Libya well into the future.”
He said the U.S. is looking to provide assistance — “certainly not a large military presence, probably no permanent military presence” other than in the embassy mission.
In cases such as the effort to track Kony or help Libya, Gen. Ham said the U.S. can provide intelligence sharing, logistics, communications and a bit of mobility support, which usually refers to aircraft transportation for either personnel or supplies.
“Occasionally we do in fact have deployments, short-term deployments of capabilities throughout the continent of Africa,” said Gen. Ham, who is only the second commander of the relatively new Africa Command.
U.S. military activities in Africa have long been a sensitive subject among many nations that inhabit the sprawling continent and worry that the U.S. would try to establish bases or send forces there. Initial plans to set up a headquarters for Africa Command on the continent hit resistance and were shelved, and Gen. Ham said that is not likely to change in part due to the high cost of building such a facility.
Since then U.S. officials have worked hard to convince African leaders that the U.S. is present to assist the countries only in ways that they want.
But in recent years, as the terror threat in Africa from al-Qaeda affiliates has grown and taken hold, the U.S. has become far more active in providing training and funding, particularly in the northern and eastern parts of the continent.
The U.S. has a military base in Djibouti, in the Horn of Africa, and there are about 2,000 U.S. troops there.