Today in History september 22 2012
1788 After having been dissolved, the French Parliament of Paris reassembles in triumph.
1789 Congress passes the Judiciary Act of 1789, establishing a strong federal court system with the powers it needs to ensure the supremacy of the Constitution and federal law. The new Supreme Court will have a chief justice and five associate justices.
1842 Branwell Bronte, the brother of the Bronte sisters and the model for Hindley Earnshaw in Emily's novel Wuthering Heights, dies of tuberculosis. Emily and Anne die the same year.
1862 President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus against anyone suspected of being a Southern sympathizer.
1904 Sixty-two die and 120 are injured in head-on train collision in Tennessee.
1914 In the Alsace-Lorraine area between France and Germany, the German Army captures St. Mihiel.
1915 Bulgaria mobilizes troops on the Serbian border.
1929 The first flight using only instruments is completed by U.S. Army pilot James Doolittle.
1930 Noel Coward's comedy Private Lives opens in London starring Gertrude Lawrence and Coward himself.
1947 The World Women's Party meets for the first time since World War II.
1956 The first transatlantic telephone cable system begins operation.
1957 President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends federal troops into Little Rock, Arkansas, to protect nine black students entering its newly integrated high school.
1960 The Enterprise, the first nuclear powered aircraft carrier, is launched.
1962 The University of Mississippi agrees to admit James Meredith as the first black university student, sparking more rioting.
1969 The "Chicago Eight," charged with conspiracy and crossing state lines with the intent to incite a riot, go on trial for their part in the mayhem during the 1968 Democratic Party National Convention in the "Windy City."
1970 The Soviet Luna 16 lands, completing the first unmanned round trip to the moon.
1993 Sihanouk is reinstalled as king of Cambodia.
Born on September 24
1501 Gerolamo Cardano, mathematician, author of Games of Chance, the first systematic computation of probabilities.
1717 Horace Walpole, author, creator of the Gothic novel genre.
1755 John Marshall, fourth chief justice of the Supreme Court and U.S. secretary of state.
1870 George Claude, French engineer, inventor of the neon light.
1894 E. Franklin Frazier, first African-American president of the American Sociological Society.
1896 Francis Scott Key (F. Scott) Fitzgerald, novelist best known for The Great Gatsby.
1911 Konstantin Chernenko, president of the Soviet Union 1984-1985.
1936 Jim Henson, puppeteer who created the "Muppets" in 1954 and television's Sesame Street.