How many people prosecuted under the Espionage Act or the Sedition act were guilty of speech crimes? How many of these people were socialists?
The answer: a lot
People faced arrests, imprisonment, violent off-the-record beatings, and deportation. There was a period where loyalty tests were common and anything that could be considered anti-war or anti-capitalist was enough to get a friendly knock at your door.
Kate Richards O'Hare - gave a speech that was deemed dangerous
Eugene Debs - Arrested for giving a speech
Robert Goldstein, producer of Spirit of '76 - arrested for making a movie about the American Revolution that portrayed the British negatively
Fred Fairchild - arrested for stating he would not go to war during a civilian argument
Not to mention the Palmer Raids(link):
The Palmer Raids were attempts by the United States Department of Justice to arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States. The raids and arrests occurred in November 1919 and January 1920 under the leadership of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer. Though more than 500 foreign citizens were deported, including a number of prominent leftist leaders, Palmer's efforts were largely frustrated by officials at the U.S. Department of Labor who had responsibility for deportations and who objected to Palmer's methods and disrespect for the legal process. The Palmer Raids occurred in the larger context of the Red Scare, the term given to fear of and reaction against political radicals in the U.S. in the years immediately following World War I.
Last edited by Wei Wu Wei; 03-31-2011 at 09:18 PM.
in WWI there were many conscientious objectors to the war who were drafted anyway. many of them requested support or non-combat roles and faced serious unofficial punishments by other soldiers. this was not part of a specific policy of course, but there are records of it happening.
there was a long quote from a book i read the other day of someone describing what they would do in that situation. i'll try to post the exact quote when i can get my hands on that book again.
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