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  1. #1 Active American Oil Refineries and their Capacity ! 
    An Adversary of Linda #'s
    Join Date
    Aug 2005

    I want to buy my gas from companies that don't import from the Middle East. Which ones are they?
    Answer: There are essentially NO major-brand retail gas stations whose product derives from US sources only, and basically all of them have Middle East oil as a significant proportion of their source crude - because if refineries used only American oil, they would be incapable of making the volumes that we demand - a 60% shortfall. A few small regional refiner-producers may use MOSTLY American oil, but even they likely use purchased oil - with imported origins - to produce the volumes of gasoline that are demanded by the American public. In addition to all the crude imported, the U.S. must import about 66 million gallons of refined gasoline because our refineries can't make enough

    Most frequent question #2: How many gallons of gasoline in a barrel of oil? Answer: a 42-gallon barrel of oil makes about 19.5 gallons of gasoline.

    U.S. gasoline consumption of 320,500,000 gallons per day (March 2005) works out to about 3700 gallons per second.

    Oil Refineries
    The following information on active oil refineries comes from the Energy Information Administration. Total in the US is 149 refineries. For more specifics, such as refinery owner and capacity of individual refineries, go to This Page, click on a state, and then click on "petroleum overview" on the state page. The list is in order of total capacity in 2005. States not listed, such as New York, Florida, and Arizona, do not have any refineries. EIA Information on individual refineries.
    Oil refining company quiz
    US total refining capacity = 17,125,000 barrels of oil per day.
    Of this, 19.5 gallons per barrel, or about 44% (the most that can be made) becomes gasoline: 7,535,000 barrels of gasoline, times 42 gallons per barrel = 316,470,000 gallons of gasoline capable of being refined each day. Although most refineries are operating at near capacity (say 95% to 98% of capacity), any shutdown (hurricane or otherwise) obviously affects this total. In March 2005, US gasoline consumption was 320,500,000 gallons per day. You do the math.

    UPDATE: According to this EIA page, US gasoline consumption in 2004 averaged 382,400,000 gallons per day - meaning we must import almost 66 million gallons of gasoline each and every day, in addition to imported crude oil.

    STATE Number of Refineries Capacity in barrels per day, 2005
    Texas 23 4,628,000
    Louisiana 17 2,773,000
    California 21 2,005,000
    Illinois 4 896,000
    Pennsylvania 5 770,000
    Washington 5 616,150
    New Jersey 4 615,000
    Ohio 4 551,400
    Oklahoma 5 484,961
    Indiana 2 433,000
    Alaska 6 373,000
    Mississippi 4 364,800
    Minnesota 2 335,000
    Kansas 3 296,200
    Kentucky 2 227,500
    Montana 4 181,200
    Tennessee 1 180,000
    Delaware 1 175,000
    Utah 5 167,350
    Wyoming 5 152,000
    Hawaii 2 147,500
    Alabama 2 113,500
    New Mexico 3 112,600
    Colorado 2 87,000
    Arkansas 2 76,800
    Michigan 1 74,000
    Virginia 1 58,600
    North Dakota 1 58,000
    Wisconsin 1 33,000
    West Virginia 1 19,400
    Nevada 1 1,707
    Last edited by megimoo; 06-10-2008 at 12:45 PM.
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