Today in History
1350 John II, also known as John the Good, succeeds Philip VI as king of France.
1485 Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at Bosworth. This victory establishes the Tudor dynasty in England and ends the War of the Roses.
1642 Civil war in England begins as Charles I declares war on Parliament at Nottingham.
1717 The Austrian army forces the Turkish army out of Belgrade, ending the Turkish revival in the Balkans.
1777 With the approach of General Benedict Arnold's army, British Colonel Barry St. Ledger abandons Fort Stanwix and returns to Canada.
1849 The Portuguese governor of Macao, China, is assassinated because of his anti-Chinese policies.
1911 The Mona Lisa, the famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci, is stolen from the Louvre in Paris, where it had hung for more than 100 years. It is recovered in 1913.
1922 Michael Collins, Irish politician, is killed in an ambush.
1942 Brazil declares war on the Axis powers. She is the only South American country to send combat troops into Europe.
1945 Soviet troops land at Port Arthur and Dairen on the Kwantung Peninsula in China.
1945 Conflict in Vietnam begins when a group of Free French parachute into southern Indochina, in repsonse to a successful coup by communist guerilla Ho Chi Minh.
1983 Benigno Aquino, the only real opposition on Ferdinand Marcos' reign as president of the Philippines, is gunned down at Manila Airport.
Born on August 22
1647 Denis Papin, inventor of the pressure cooker.
1880 George Herriman, cartoonist, creator of Krazy Kat.
1891 Jacque Lipchitz, sculptor.
1893 Dorothy Parker, poet, satirist and founding member of the Algonquin Round Table.
1904 Deng Xiaoping, Chinese leader from 1977 to 1987, held nominal leadership position until his death in 1997.
1908 Henri Cartier-Bresson, photographer.
1917 John Lee Hooker, blues singer and guitarist.
1920 Ray Bradbury, science fiction writer whose works include Farenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles.
1934 H. Norman Schwarzkopf, American general and commander of the coalition forces during the Persian Gulf War.
1935 E. Annie Proulx, writer (Postcards, The Shipping News).