Today in History
1676 Indian chief King Philip, also known as Metacom, is killed by English soldiers, ending the war between Indians and colonists.
1862 Mistakenly believing the Confederate Army to be in retreat, Union General John Pope attacks, beginning the Battle of Groveten. Both sides sustain heavy casualties.
1914 Three German cruisers are sunk by ships of the Royal Navy in the Battle of Heligoland Bight, the first major naval battle of World War I.
1938 The first degree given to a ventriloquist's dummy is awarded to Charlie McCarthy–Edgar Bergen's wooden partner. The honorary degree, "Master of Innuendo and Snappy Comeback," is presented on radio by Ralph Dennis, the dean of the School of Speech at Northwestern University.
1941 The German U-boat U-570 is captured by the British and renamed Graph
1944 German forces in Toulon and Marseilles, France, surrender to the Allies.
1945 Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war.
1963 One of the largest demonstrations in the history of the United States, the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, takes place and reaches its climax at the base of the Lincoln Memorial when Dr. Martin Luther King delivers his "I have a dream" speech.
1965 The Viet Cong are routed in the Mekong Delta by U.S. forces, with more than 50 killed.
Born on August 28
1749 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, playwright and novelist, best known for Faust.
1774 Elizabeth Ann Seton, founder of the Sisters of St. Joseph and the first U.S.-born saint.
1828 Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (War and Peace, Anna Karenina).
1882 Belle Benchley, the first female zoo director in the world, who directed the Zoological Gardens of San Diego.
1896 Liam O'Flaherty, Irish novelist and short-story writer.
1903 Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian psychologist, educator of autistic and emotionally disturbed children.
1908 Roger Tory Peterson, author of the innovative bird book A Field Guide to Birds.
1925 Donald O'Connor, entertainer (Singin' in the Rain, Anything Goes).
1952 Rita Dove, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet.