Today in History
September 7
1571 At the Battle of Lepanto in the Mediterranean Sea, the Christian galley fleet destroys the Turkish galley fleet.
1630 The town of Trimontaine, in Massachusetts, is renamed Boston, and becomes the state capital.
1701 England, Austria, and the Netherlands form an Alliance against France.
1778 Shawnee Indians attack and lay siege to Boonesborough, Kentucky.
1812 On the road to Moscow, Napoleon wins a costly victory over the Russians at Borodino.
1813 The earliest known printed reference to the United States by the nickname "Uncle Sam" occurs in the Troy Post.
1864 Union General Phil Sheridan's troops skirmish with the Confederates under Jubal Early outside Winchester, Virginia.
1876 The James-Younger gang botches an attempt to rob the First National Bank of Northfield, Minnesota.
1888 An incubator is used for the first time on a premature infant.
1892 The first heavyweight-title boxing match fought with gloves under Marquis of Queensbury rules ends when James J. Corbett knocks out John L. Sullivan in the 21st round.
1912 French aviator Roland Garros sets an altitude record of 13,200 feet.
1916 The U.S. Congress passes the Workman's Compensation Act.
1940 Germany's blitz against London begins during the Battle of Britain.
1942 The Red Army pushes back the German line northwest of Stalingrad.
1954 Integration of public schools begins in Washington D.C. and Maryland.

Born on September 7
1533 Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1558-1603), led her country during the exploration of the New World and war with Spain.
1860 Anna Marie Robertson (Grandma Moses), American folk painter who started her career at age 78, best known for her paintings of rural life.
1860 Edith Sitwell, poet.
1900 Taylor Caldwell, novelist.
1909 Elia Kazan, producer, screenwriter and director who won directing Oscars for Gentleman's Agreement and On the Waterfront.
1914 James Alfred Van Allen, discovered and named the two radiation belts surrounding the Earth.
1930 Sonny Rollins, saxophonist.
1936 Buddy Holly, singer, songwriter.