Today in History
454 In Italy, Aetius, the supreme army commander, is murdered in Ravenna by Valentinian III, the emperor of the West.
1327 Edward II of England is murdered by order of his wife.
1520 Suleiman (the Magnificent), son of Selim, becomes Ottoman sultan in Constantinople.
1589 The Duke of Mayenne of France is defeated by Henry IV at the Battle of Arques.
1673 James Needham returns to Virginia after exploring the land to the west, which would become Tennessee.
1745 A Scottish Jacobite army commanded by Lord George Murray routs the Royalist army of General Sir John Cope at Prestonpans.
1863 Union troops defeated at Chickamauga seek refuge in Chattanooga, Tennessee, which is then besieged by Confederate troops.
1904 Exiled Nez Perce leader Chief Joseph dies of a "broken heart".
1915 Stonehenge is sold by auction for 6,600 pounds sterling ($11,500) to a Mr. Chubb, who buys it as a present for his wife. He presents it to the British nation three years later.
1929 Fighting between China and the Soviet Union breaks out along the Manchurian border.
1936 The German army holds its largest maneuvers since 1914.
1937 The women's airspeed record is set at 292 mph by American pilot Jacqueline Cochran.
1941 The German Army cuts off the Crimean Peninsula from the rest of the Soviet Union.
1942 British forces attack the Japanese in Burma.
1944 U.S. troops of the 7th Army, invading Southern France, cross the Meuse River.
1978 Two Soviet cosmonauts set a space endurance record after 96 days in space.
1989 General Colin Powell is confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Born on September 21
1756 John Loudon McAdam, engineer who invented and gave his name to macadamized roads.
1866 Charles Jean Henri Nicolle, bacteriologist, discovered that typhus fever is transmitted by body louse.
1866 H.G. Wells, science fiction writer whose works include The Time Machine, The Invisible Man and The War of the Worlds.
1895 Juan de la Cierva, aeronautical engineer who invented the autogyro.
1902 Allen Lake, founded Penguin Books in 1935.
1912 Chuck Jones, animator and director of Warner Brothers cartoons.
1947 Stephen King, author best known for supernatural and horror tales.
1947 Marsha Norman, playwright (Getting Out, 'Night Mother).