Today in History
September 23

1553 The Sadians defeat the last of their enemies and establish themselves as rulers of Morocco.
1561 Philip II of Spain gives orders to halt colonizing efforts in Florida.
1577 William of Orange makes his triumphant entry into Brussels, Belgium.
1667 Slaves in Virginia are banned from obtaining their freedom by converting to Christianity.
1739 The Austrians sign the Treaty of Belgrade after having lost the city to the Turks.
1779 The American navy under John Paul Jones, commanding from Bonhomme Richard, defeats and captures the British man-of-war Serapis.
1788 Louis XVI of France declares the Parliament restored.
1795 A national plebiscite approves the new French constitution, but so many voters sustain that the results are suspect.
1803 British Major General Sir Arthur Wellesley defeats the Marathas at Assaye, India.
1805 Lieutenant Zebulon Pike pays $2,000 to buy from the Sioux a 9-square-mile tract at the mouth of the Minnesota River that will be used to establish a military post, Fort Snelling.
1806 The Lewis and Clark Expedition arrives back in St. Louis just over three years after its departure.
1864 Confederate and Union forces clash at Mount Jackson, Front Royal and Woodstock in Virginia during the Valley campaign.
1911 The Second International Aviation Meet opens in New York.
1912 Mack Sennet's first "Keystone Cop" film debuts, Cohen Collects a Debt.
1945 The first American dies in Vietnam during the fall of Saigon to French forces.
1952 Richard Nixon responds to charges of a secret slush fund during his 'Checkers Speech.'
1954 East German police arrest 400 citizens as U.S. spies.
1967 Soviets sign a pact to send more aid to Hanoi.
1973 Juan Peron is re-elected president of Argentina after being overthrown in 1955.

Born on September 23
63 BC Augustus Caesar, first Roman Emperor, who introduced Pax Romana, the era of peace.
1800 William Holmes McGuffey, educator famous for his book Eclectic Readers.
1838 Victoria Chaflin Woodhull, the first woman presidential candidate (1872) in the United States.
1863 Mary Church Terrell, educator and civil rights advocate.
1865 Emmuska Orczy, baroness and author of The Scarlet Pimpernel.
1889 Walter Lippmann, journalist, one of the founders of The New Republic Magazine in 1914.
1889 Louise Nevelson, sculptor.
1915 Clifford G. Shull, physicist, improved techniques for exploring the atomic structure of matter.
1926 John Coltrane, influential jazz saxaphonist.
1930 Ray Charles, rhythm 'n' blues piano player and singer.