Today in History
1396 The last great Christian crusade, led jointly by John the Fearless of Nevers and King Sigismund of Hungary, ends in disaster at the hands of Sultan Bajazet I's Ottoman army at Nicopolis.
1598 In Sweden, King Sigismund is defeated at Stangebro by his Uncle Charles.
1775 British troops capture Ethan Allen, the hero of Ticonderoga, when he and a handful of Americans try to invade Canada.
1789 Congress proposes 12 new amendments to the Constitution.
1804 The 12th Amendment is ratified, changing the procedure of choosing the president and vice-president.
1846 American General Zachary Taylor's forces capture Monterey, Mexico.
1909 The first National Aeronautic Show opens at Madison Square Garden.
1915 An allied offensive is launched in France against the German Army.
1918 Brazil declares war on Austria.
1937 German Chancellor Adolf Hitler meets with Italian Premier Benito Mussolini in Munich.
1938 President Franklin Roosevelt urges negotiations between Hitler and Czech President Benes over the Sudetenland.
1942 The War Labor Board orders equal pay for women in the United States.
1943 The Red Army retakes Smolensk from the Germans who are retreating to the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union.
1959 President Eisenhower and Soviet Premier Khrushchev begin Camp David talks.
1974 Scientists warn that continued use of aerosol sprays will cause ozone depletion, which will lead to an increased risk of skin cancer and global weather changes.
1981 Sandra Day O'Connor, the first female Supreme Court Justice, is sworn in.
Born on September 25
1847 Vinnie Ream, who sculpted President Abraham Lincoln from life shortly before he was assassinated.
1897 William Faulkner, Nobel Prize-winning writer (The Sound and the Fury, Absalom, Absalom!).
1906 Dimitri Shostakovich, Russian composer.
1931 Barbara Walters, television news personality and interviewer.
1932 Glenn Gould, concert pianist best known for his Bach interpretations.