Today in History
1197 Emperor Henry VI dies in Messina, Sicily.
1399 Richard II of England is deposed. His cousin, Henry of Lancaster, declares himself king under the name Henry IV.
1493 Christopher Columbus leaves Cadiz, Spain, on his second voyage to the new world.
1513 Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa discovers the Pacific Ocean.
1789 Congress votes to create a U.S. army.
1833 A civil war breaks out in Spain between Carlisists, who believe Don Carlos deserves the throne, and supporters of Queen Isabella.
1850 Mormon leader Brigham Young is named the first governor of the Utah Territory.
1864 Union troops capture the Confederate Fort Harrison, outside Petersburg, Virginia.
1879 Dissatisfied Ute Indians kill Agent Nathan Meeker and nine others in the "Meeker Massacre."
1932 A five-day work week is established for General Motors workers.
1939 Germany and the Soviet Union reach an agreement on the division of Poland.
1941 30,000 Jews are gunned down in Kiev when Henrich Himmler sends four strike squads to exterminate Soviet Jewish civilians and other "undesirables."
1943 Adolf Hitler's book Mein Kampf is published in the United States.
1950 General Douglas MacArthur officially returns Seoul, South Korea, to President Syngman Rhee.
Born on September 29
1547 Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish novelist best known for his book The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha.
1758 Horatio Nelson, British naval commander who defeated the French and her allies on numerous occasions during the age of Napoleon.
1858 Rudolf Diesel, engineer, inventor of the diesel engine.
1901 Enrico Fermi, Italian-born U.S. physicist who led the group which created the first man-made nuclear chain reaction.
1907 Gene Autry, cowboy actor.
1943 Lech Walesa, Polish labor leader who founded the Solidarity party and later became the president of Poland.
1948 Bryant Gumbel, broadcast journalist.