Today in History
79 The city of Pompeii is buried by eruption of Mt. Vesuvius.
1512 Michelangelo's painting on the Sistine Chapel ceiling is exhibited for the first time.
1582 Maurice of Nassau, the son of William of Orange, becomes the governor of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht.
1755 A great earthquake at Lisbon, Portugal, kills over 50,000 people.
1765 The Stamp Act goes into effect in the British colonies.
1861 Lieutenant General Winfield Scott, 50 year-veteran and leader of the U.S. Army at the onset of the Civil War, retires. General George McClellan is appointed general-in-chief of the Union armies.
1866 Wild woman of the west Myra Maybelle Shirley marries James C. Reed in Collins County, Texas.
1869 Louis Riel seizes Fort Garry, Winnipeg, during the Red River Rebellion.
1911 Italian planes perform the first aerial bombing on Tanguira oasis in Libya.
1923 Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company buys the rights to manufacture Zeppelin dirigibles.
1924 Legendary Oklahoma marshal Bill Tilghman, 71, is gunned down by a drunk in Cromwell, Oklahoma.
1936 Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini announces the Rome-Berlin axis after Count Ciano's visit to Germany.
1936 The Rodeo Cowboy's Association is founded.
1943 American troops invade Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
1945 John H. Johnson publishes the first issue of Ebony magazine.
1950 Two members of a Puerto Rican nationalist movement attempt to assassinate President Harry S Truman.
1951 Algerian National Liberation Front begins guerrilla warfare against the French.
1967 The first issue of Rolling Stone hits the streets.
1968 President Lyndon B. Johnson calls a halt to bombing in Vietnam, hoping this will lead to progress at the Paris peace talks.
Born on November 1
1500 Benvunuto Cellini, Italian goldsmith and sculptor.
1636 Nicholas Boileaus, French poet and historian.
1762 Spencer Perceval, the only British prime minister to be assassinated.
1798 Benjamin Lee Guinness, Irish brewer.
1818 Jems Renwick, architect.
1828 Balfour Steward, Scottish physicist and meteorologist.
1871 Stephen Crane, poet and novelist (The Red Badge of Courage).
1880 Sholem Asch, Polish-born American novelist and playwright (The Nazarene, The Mother).
1880 Grantland Rice, American sportswriter.
1902 Nordahl Brun Greig, Norwegian writer and wartime hero during WWII.
1923 Victoria de Los Angeles, Spanish opera soprano.
1930 A.R. Gurney, American playwright (Love Letters, The Dining Room).