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  1. #1 Found: USS Hornet 
    Ancient Fire Breather Retread's Avatar
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    Wreckage of carrier from WWII found

    SEATTLE — A research vessel funded by the late Seattle billionaire Paul Allen has discovered the wreckage of an American aircraft carrier sunk in the South Pacific during World War II.

    Allen’s Vulcan Inc. announced this week that an autonomous submarine found the USS Hornet nearly 17,500 feet deep near the Solomon Islands.

    The Hornet was best known for its part in the Doolittle Raid in April 1942, the first air attack on Japan. It also participated that June in the decisive Battle of Midway, which helped turn the tide of the war.
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  2. #2  
    eeeevil Sith Admin SarasotaRepub's Avatar
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    Yeah, I saw a story about this a few days ago!!
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  3. #3  
    Power CUer SVPete's Avatar
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    USS Hornet (CV-8) was commissioned some 8 weeks before the PH attack. At the time, her class-mate, USS Enterprise (CV-6) was in the Pacific, while class-leader USS Yorktown (CV-5) was in the Atlantic. With Enterprise in the Pacific were the Lexington class USS Lexington (CV-2) and USS Saratoga (CV-3). Of these 5 CVs, just Enterprise and Saratoga survived the war; USS Wasp (CV-7, a one-off small carrier that, while better than Ranger, proved insufficiently robust for Pacific service) was also sunk during the Solomons battles, while USS Ranger (CV-4) was deemed unsuitable for Pacific service and served in the Atlantic. CV-1, USS Langley, had been converted to a seaplane tender, and was sunk in the Dutch East Indies, early in the war.

    Hornet's service was brief, about a year, but the Doolittle Raid (in which she carried his B-25 bombers) and the Battle of Coral Sea signaled the failure of Japan's strategy. Japan had bet that PH and the losses of the Philippines and Dutch East Indies (the modern Indonesia) would demoralize the American people into giving up the war. Doolittle and Coral Sea (where Lexington was sunk and Yorktown damaged) communicated the US response; Midway added four sunk IJN carriers worth of exclamation points. Enterprise, Saratoga, and Wasp participated in the effort, but from late August, 1942 through being sunk in October, Hornet provided air cover for US forces on Guadalcanal. After her sinking all that held the line was the damaged and patched up Enterprise (Wasp had been sunk, and Saratoga was having torpedo damage repaired).

    The Yorktown class were the USN's first full-size purpose-built aircraft carriers (Ranger was purpose-built, but smaller). Langley had been a collier, and Lexington and Saratoga had been designed to be battle cruisers, but were converted to aircraft carriers during construction. The operational lessons of from the Yorktowns and Lexingtons went into the design of the Essex class (USS Essex being CV-9) that buried the IJN, the 8th USS Hornet, CV-12, among them. CV-12 is a museum in Alameda.

    Some Essex class CVs served into the 1960s, going from propeller-driven planes to jets.
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  4. #4  
    Senior Member Zathras's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by SVPete View Post
    USS Hornet (CV-8) was commissioned some 8 weeks before the PH attack. At the time, her class-mate, USS Enterprise (CV-6) was in the Pacific, while class-leader USS Yorktown (CV-5) was in the Atlantic. With Enterprise in the Pacific were the Lexington class USS Lexington (CV-2) and USS Saratoga (CV-3). Of these 5 CVs, just Enterprise and Saratoga survived the war; USS Wasp (CV-7, a one-off small carrier that, while better than Ranger, proved insufficiently robust for Pacific service) was also sunk during the Solomons battles, while USS Ranger (CV-4) was deemed unsuitable for Pacific service and served in the Atlantic. CV-1, USS Langley, had been converted to a seaplane tender, and was sunk in the Dutch East Indies, early in the war.

    Hornet's service was brief, about a year, but the Doolittle Raid (in which she carried his B-25 bombers) and the Battle of Coral Sea signaled the failure of Japan's strategy. Japan had bet that PH and the losses of the Philippines and Dutch East Indies (the modern Indonesia) would demoralize the American people into giving up the war. Doolittle and Coral Sea (where Lexington was sunk and Yorktown damaged) communicated the US response; Midway added four sunk IJN carriers worth of exclamation points. Enterprise, Saratoga, and Wasp participated in the effort, but from late August, 1942 through being sunk in October, Hornet provided air cover for US forces on Guadalcanal. After her sinking all that held the line was the damaged and patched up Enterprise (Wasp had been sunk, and Saratoga was having torpedo damage repaired).

    The Yorktown class were the USN's first full-size purpose-built aircraft carriers (Ranger was purpose-built, but smaller). Langley had been a collier, and Lexington and Saratoga had been designed to be battle cruisers, but were converted to aircraft carriers during construction. The operational lessons of from the Yorktowns and Lexingtons went into the design of the Essex class (USS Essex being CV-9) that buried the IJN, the 8th USS Hornet, CV-12, among them. CV-12 is a museum in Alameda.

    Some Essex class CVs served into the 1960s, going from propeller-driven planes to jets.
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